PLM Green Global Alliance is Growing

This post is an update on the evolution of the PLM Green Global Alliance that was originally published in Jos Voskuil’s weblog on Feb. 28.

On Friday, February 26th, the PLM Green Global Alliance (PGGA) team of international moderators had a meeting to discuss our current status and next steps for 2021 as we grow.

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PLM and Industry 4.0

Summary & Goals

The goal of the PLM Green discussion forum and working group on Industry 4.0, led by Lionel Grealou, is to investigate and advocate the use of PLM business strategies and software technologies that will power an Industry 4.0 vision of sustainable green manufacturing.

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) is one of the core enablers to a green Industry 4.0, alongside other enterprise platforms and supporting technologies that include ERP, SCM, MES, SLM, IOT, 3D printing, etc. The smart products and smart factories resulting from Industry 4.0 can create a new low-carbon circular economy based on the principles of sustainable manufacturing.  Sustainable manufacturing requires data traceability through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources. This vision will require the technology tools, integrated processes, and data sharing that PLM is capable of providing right now.

Theme Moderators

Lionel Grealou, Managing Director 

www.xlifecycle.com/

Focus & Objectives

Sustainable manufacturing implements multiple Circular Economy principles such as: reuse, recycle, reduce, recover, reuse, repair, regenerate, re-manufacture, and waste management. As such, it becomes necessary to rethink the “product” and its functions such as how to use the product more efficiently and environmentally over its entire lifecycle. As example, leveraging all of the data created upstream of manufacturing that is authored as part of the product development process, including EBOM-MBOM alignment, CAD and CAE data, digital manufacturing, manufacturing process planning, plant simulation, technical publications, electronic work instructions, digital twins, and other PLM solution elements (process, technology and data).

Sustainable manufacturing is the creation of manufactured products through economically-sound processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and natural resources. It simultaneously concerns four dimensions or external factors: society, environment, economy, and  technology. It also involves sustainable engineering by expanding on how smart connected products and smart factories address the following industry requirements:

  • Product life extension
  • Part and component optimization
  • Smarter and circular design
  • End-to-end eco-innovation
  • Systems engineering, lean processes, clean data
  • Sustained growth and productivity
  • Renewable energy sources

Agenda & Activities

The agenda of this PLM Green theme group will be to explore the “intersection” of how PLM strategies and technologies enable the vision of Industry 4.0 for a more sustainable circular economy. In doing so we plan to investigate the following questions with respect to their green value:

  • How does data and product connectivity contribute to feeding smart factories, and enhancing the product lifecycle practice?
  • How to improve feedback loops and data integration upstream-downstream of new product development to contribute positively to the circular economy?
  • How to drive downstream waste reduction by improving data traceability and accessibility, with better product analytics throughout its lifecycle?
  • How to link more tightly manufacturing planning and execution?
  • How to more robustly connect and integrate engineering, manufacturing and service / maintenance process operations?
  • How to reduce time to market, with both product development and production cost optimization, integrating co-creation from the design office to the shop-floor?
  • How to align further the digital and the physical worlds, delivering more customer-centric products enabled by fully horizontally-integrated PLM strategies, taking an ecosystem approach to collaboration, leveraging more agile and continual release processes?
  • How to reduce pre-launch cost and generate downstream manufacturing improvements?

We will be pursuing the objectives using a plan selected from several activities which may include: focus discussion groups, articles and blog posts, book reviews, recorded interviews, industry surveys, conference panels, webinars, and cooperation with other organizations and alliances. The agenda will be developed in collaboration with our members and volunteers from around the world under the leadership of our theme moderator.

Announcements & Updates

Check back soon as we finalize and announce our activities for 2021. To follow our progress with periodic updates register HERE to receive our news updates or email us at info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Invitation to Participate & Collaborate

To participate in our PLM and Industyy 4.0 discussion forum, we invite you to first join the PLM Green Global Alliance LinkedIn Group at https://www.linkedin.com/groups/12304531/ then contact our moderator Lionel Grealou.

References & Resources

Here we have started creating a curated list of featured white papers, blog posts, presentations, case studies, webinars, and recorded interviews on the role of PLM in powering a green Industry 4.0  We invite you to send us examples you have come across in your own work, company, industry, or country to info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Green and Digital Transformation - In the recent Engineering.com article "Green and Digital Transformation: PLM, ERP, Industry 4.0 toward Sustainable Innovation" PLM Green Global Alliance participant Lionel Grealou examines how enterprise platforms can contribute to sustainability goals. "Sustainability is on the agenda of every organization. Most OEMs and their supply chains have embraced the mantra… Continue Reading
Product Lifecycle Management in Support of Green Manufacturing - The technical paper "Product Lifecycle Management in Support of Green Manufacturing: Addressing the Challenges of Global Climate Change" is one of the earliest publications on the intersection of PLM and climate change. It was first published in the International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management. The authors Ligia-Varinia Barreto, Hannah… Continue Reading
European Green Digital Coalition Launched - Members of the new European Green Digital Coalition (EGDC) are committing to establish science-based targets for reducing GHG by 2030 and to become climate neutral or net-zero no later than 2040. Announced by the European Commission: "The CEOs of 26 European companies have signed a Declaration to support the Green… Continue Reading
Exploring the Intersection of PLM and Industry 4.0 - In this insightful Engineering.com article by Lionel Grealou on Exploring the Intersection of PLM and Industry 4.0 "It is often said that product lifecycle management (PLM) is an enabler to Industry 4.0. Enabled digital platforms include PLM, ERP, MES and many other processes, tools and technologies leveraging the Industrial Internet… Continue Reading
Cummins Planet 2050 - This Digital Engineering article describes the Cummins PLANET 2050 sustainability initiative to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 while reducing consumption of natural resources. Continue Reading
PLM for Sustainable Manufacturing - PLM and Sustainable Manufacturing - PLM Green Alliance theme moderator Lionel Grealou introduces the connection between PLM and Sustainable Manufacturing in his recent blog post. Continue Reading

PLM and Circular Economy

Summary & Goals

The goal of the Circular Economy (CE) is simple: keep products and their component materials in use for a longer period of time before they are discarded or put into the trash. CE provides a vision that can inspire then motivate industries of all types to design and manufacture their products in smarter, far more sustainable ways. As a result, short-term living standards are not harmed by CE, as some may worry, but instead they are sustained for the long term due to reduced extraction of the planet’s finite resources with less impact on the environment. Continue reading

PLM and Green Energy

Summary & Goals

The goal of the PLM and Green Energy working group, led by Bjorn Fidjeland, within the PLM Green Global Alliance is to promote discussion and awareness of how Plant and Product Lifecycle Management strategies and enabling technologies can support the transition to green renewable energy sources.

Theme Moderators

Bjorn Fidjeland, Advisor at plmPartner.com

info@plmpartner.com

Focus & Objectives

It is our firm belief that Plant & Product Lifecycle Management philosophies, strategies, systems, and software can play an important role to safely and more cost effectively:

  • design, build, operate, maintain and decommission green energy production plants
  • operate and maintain future energy storage units and distribution grids
  • design, build, operate and maintain production facilities for products needed in the transition to green and renewable energy
  • design, build, service and operate products needed to achieve a net zero emission society

Our objective is to share experiences, examples, and best practices in a collaborative mode to promote discussion, learning, and understanding with respect to the mentioned focus areas. We also plan to publish our own “industry heads up” news, articles and case studies illustrating all that is happening in the global race towards “going green” and a low-carbon economy.

Agenda & Activities

We will be pursuing our objectives by an agenda selected from a number of elements including: focus discussion groups, published articles and blog posts, recorded interviews, industry surveys, conference presentations, and cooperative events and alliances with other organizations. These objectives will be developed and prioritized in collaboration with our international members. Follow our progress or better yet join us with an email to info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Announcements & Updates

Check back soon as we finalize and announce our activities for 2021, or register HERE to receive our news updates.

Invitation to Participate & Collaborate

To participate in our PLM and Green Energy group, we invite you to first join the PLM Green Global Alliance LinkedIn Group at https://www.linkedin.com/groups/12304531/ then contact our moderator Bjorn Fidjeland HERE.

References & Resources

Here we have started creating a curated list of featured case studies, white papers, blog posts, presentations, webinars, and interviews on the role of PLM-enabling technologies in creating, storing, and distributing green energy. We invite you to send us resources and examples you have come across in your own work, company, industry, or country to info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Battery Modeling from COMSOL - As more products, industries and economies become electrified to meet greenhouse gas emission goals, the performance of batteries and sustainability of their production is becoming increasing important. Engineering.com has published a new white paper on battery modeling using multiphysics simulation software from CAE solution provider COMSOL. The authors write that… Continue Reading
Hydrogen Powered Regional Aircraft from ZeroAvia - "Propelling their mission towards delivering airlines zero-carbon, hydrogen-fueled flight, ZeroAvia is launching the development program for a 2MW hydrogen-electric powertrain for full-size regional aircraft. The program kick-off is supported by a new raise of $24.3 million, led by Horizons Ventures, joined by a new investor British Airways. Existing investors Breakthrough Energy Ventures, Ecosystem Integrity… Continue Reading
European Green Hydrogen Infrastructure - PLM Green Moderator Bjorn Fidjeland shares good news about a consortium to develop a green energy hydrogen infrastructure in this European news release about: "The seven companies in the GET H2 initiative are working to facilitate green hydrogen in refineries, steel production and other industrial uses, which could reduce 16m… Continue Reading
European Green Digital Coalition Launched - Members of the new European Green Digital Coalition (EGDC) are committing to establish science-based targets for reducing GHG by 2030 and to become climate neutral or net-zero no later than 2040. Announced by the European Commission: "The CEOs of 26 European companies have signed a Declaration to support the Green… Continue Reading
Resourcing the Energy Transition - PLM Green Alliance moderator Bjorn Fidjeland recommends reading the KPMG report on "Resourcing the energy transition: making the world go round" which explores the transition to renewable energy, a growing dependence on natural resources other than oil, and the crucial link to the circular economy. From the KPMG website "A… Continue Reading
Digital Twins for Hydroelectric Power from Akselos - This green energy case study from Akselos profiles the use of Digital Twin modeling and CAE simulation in hydroelectric power generation that uses pumped storage where a reservoir is filled with water at times of excess power availability. Read more details HERE. Continue Reading
Riversimple and Siemens Collaborate on Hydrogen Vehicle Production - Riversimple and Siemens have begun collaborating towards sustainability and circular economy in the auto industry by preparing for the manufacture of Riversimple’s new hydrogen powered electric vehicle, the Rasa.  Read more HERE. Continue Reading
Minesto and TECHNIA Collaborate to Develop Renewable Energy - This green energy example from the PLM solution provider TECHNIA illustrates the application of PLM technologies, like those available from their partner Dassault Systemes, to develop renewable energy from ocean and tidal currents. Read more HERE. Continue Reading
Floating Wind Turbines Buoy Hopes of Expanding Renewable Energy - This Wall Street Journal article Floating Wind Turbines Buoy Hopes of Expanding Renewable Energy looks at offshore wind farms that no longer need to be embedded in the seafloor but can float in deeper waters. Continue Reading
Greenhous Gas Emissions by Sector - The data from Our World in Data is a useful resource about the source of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions by sector of the economy, and thus where PLM technologies may have the most value. Continue Reading

PLM and Sustainability

Summary & Goals

The goal of the PLM Green Global Alliance discussion forum and working group on the intersection of PLM and Sustainability, led by Jos Voskuil, is to promote activities that positively contribute to the seventeen United Nations Sustainability Development Goals. In particular, we will focus on those topics where PLM-enabling technologies have a role to make a difference; relevant for the SDGs 7-8-9-11 and 12.

The general subject of Sustainability is a very wide and diverse topic that is globally covered by many organizations. Our alliance will focus on the application and value of PLM-related strategies, technologies, software solutions and consulting services to contribute to a more Sustainable future. This is a subject matter that no other professional PLM organization have taken up as a priority, though more industrial users and solution providers are increasingly interested.

Theme Moderators

Jos Voskuil, PLM Coach and Consultant at www.virtualdutchman.com

tacit@planet.nl

Ilan Madjar, Co-founder xLM Solutions

imadjar@xlmsolutions.com

Focus & Objectives

The goals and challenges of Product Lifecycle Management and Sustainability share much in common and should be considered synergistic. Where in theory, PLM is the strategy to manage a product along its whole lifecycle, Sustainability is concerned not only with the product’s lifecycle but should also address sustainability of the users, industries, economies, environment and entire planet in which the products operate.

The most significant difference between PLM and Sustainability is in the traditional lifecycle of products. Manufacturers often do not take their products’ full lifecycle footprint and costs into account. Reducing products and processes that create waste and are a negative impact on the planet’s lifecycle have only recently become more important and are still not a priority in many industries. Continue reading

PLM and Climate Change

Summary & Goals

The goal of the PLM Green discussion forum and working group on Climate Change, led by Klaus Brettschneider, is to investigate and validate the use of PLM-enabling business strategies and software technologies that can reduce human-generated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We hope to clearly answer the question of what is the role, potential, and value of PLM in addressing the most important challenge facing humankind this century, climate change.

Theme Moderators

Klaus Brettschneider

greenplm.klaus@gmail.com

Richard McFall

rich@plmalliances.com

Focus & Objectives

Product Lifecycle Management strategies and systems allow organizations to manage a product’s lifecycle in all its aspects including structures, components, materials, suppliers, and ingredients. Managing the lifecycle from inception to disposal allows organizations today to optimize manufacturing processes, to document its material or ingrediencies composition and to make sure that products comply with local or international regulations.

We firmly believe that PLM can help organizations to understand and analyze the effect of its product design, methods of production, and supply chain choices on their carbon footprint. Accordingly, we seek to educate, collaborate, and advocate for the role of PLM business strategies, enabling technologies, software solutions, and professionals in addressing climate change due to human-generated greenhouse gas emissions.

This includes how the application of PLM tools, processes, and best practices can help assess, reduce, mitigate, and adapt our industries, communities, and economies to the rapidly-intensifying effects of climate change. As example, candidate topics from which we hope to research and document the use of PLM-enabling technologies include:

  • make products and processes more efficient, sustainable, and green
  • understand the impact on carbon footprint of design and production processes and changes to them
  • decarbonize entire industries and economies
  • find and develop new sources of renewable green energy
  • store and transmit alternative energy supplies
  • reduce or sequester human-made carbon emissions
  • capture naturally produced greenhouse and methane gasses
  • pioneer and deploy green manufacturing processes
  • design products and their lifecycles to be environmentally friendly
  • simulate and test global geoengineering technologies as solutions
  • recycle, reuse, or repurpose assets, materials, and natural resources
  • minimize or mitigate the damages to infrastructures from global warming
  • monitor a warming planet, changing weather patterns, and impact of climate change
  • enhance the resiliency and sustainability of industries, communities and economies

Agenda & Activities

We will be pursuing the objectives by an agenda composed of a number of elements including discussion groups, virtual roundtables, published articles, interviews, industry surveys, and cooperative events with other organizations. Follow our progress, or better yet join us, with an email to info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Announcements & Updates

International members of the PLM Green Global Alliance (PGGA) met recently to discuss the timely new book “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need.” The panel discussion was moderated by PGGA co-founder Jos Voskuil with participants Klaus Brettschneider, Lionel GrealouPatrick HillbergIlan Madjar, and Richard McFall. Listen to the discussion HERE.

Invitation to Participate & Collaborate

To participate in our PLM Green theme sub-group we invite you to first join the PLM Green Global Alliance LinkedIn Group at https://www.linkedin.com/groups/12304531/ then contact one of our moderators.

References & Resources

Here we have started creating a curated list of featured white papers, blog posts, presentations, case studies, webinars, and recorded interviews on the role of PLM-enabling technologies in addressing climate change. We invite you to send us examples you have come across in your own work, company, industry, or country to info@plmgreenalliance.com.

Carbon Capture From Climeworks and Accenture - Climeworks https://climeworks.com/ and Accenture http://www.accenture.com/ are collaborating to use new digital technologies to develop a carbon direct air capture and storage plant in Iceland. The carbon removed from the atmosphere will be sequestered underground where in two years it will turn to stone. This can certainly help as one component… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest June 2021 - Climate Change Digest good news question of the month: What European country announced a technology breakthrough in producing reduced-carbon iron? Read on to find the answer in this month’s Climate Change News Digest prepared for followers of the PLM Green Global Alliance. NOAA reported that in May the Mauna Loa… Continue Reading
The Role of PLM in Slowing Climate Change – Part 1 - This new series of posts by Klaus Brettschneider and Richard McFall, contributing members of the PLM Green Global Alliance (PGGA), will explore how Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) can be used to slow climate change by reducing human-generated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide and methane are the… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest May 2021 - Climate change good news question of the month: What country’s federal court was the latest to rule that their government has a responsibility to protect young people from harm and injury due to the climate crisis? Read on to find the answer in this month’s Climate Change News Digest prepared… Continue Reading
The Decarbonization Journey by KPMG - Decarbonizing the economy seems overwhelming, but the KPMG white paper "The Decarbonization Journey" is a valuable resource for companies seeking to assess how to get started in the near term and developing their own long-term strategies. The contributing author Michael Hayes, KPMG's Global Climate Change and Decarbonization Leader, writes: "Creating… Continue Reading
Six Ways to Monitor Environmental Footprint from XLM Solutions - In this post the author and PLM Green Global Alliance contributor Ilan Madjar from XLM Solutions writes: "Today, the topic of climate change and environmental awareness is at the forefront of society’s thoughts and actions as well as affecting governmental policies. Every day there is growing awareness of the problems… Continue Reading
Net Zero by 2050 from IEA - The International Energy Agency has published a new report "Net Zero by 2050: A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector." The authors write in their introduction that "The number of countries announcing pledges to achieve net-zero emissions over the coming decades continues to grow. But the pledges by governments to… Continue Reading
Digital Sustainability: The Path to Net Zero from Autodesk - The whitepaper "Digital Sustainability: The Path to Net Zero for Design & Manufacturing and Architectural Engineering & Construction Industries" explores the growing importance of sustainability goals for companies in AEC and MFG markets across Europe. Frost & Sullivan in partnership with Autodesk published this whitepaper with results of a quantitative… Continue Reading
How to Avoid A Climate Disaster Panel Discussion - International members of the PLM Green Global Alliance (PGGA) met recently to discuss the timely new book "How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need" by Bill Gates. The panel discussion was moderated by Jos Voskuil with participants Klaus Brettschneider, Lionel Grealou, Patrick… Continue Reading
Climate Policy Guide for Business Leaders from Climate Voice - The Climate Voice initiative provides a wealth of resources for employees, students, and business leaders to help their institutions "go all in" as leaders in climate and sustainability policies. "This is an extraordinary moment of opportunity for climate policy — with rising levels of public concern powering major new policy… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest April 2021 - The latest Climate Change News Digest offers PLM Green Global Alliance followers a compendium of news and research about climate change from around the world during April 2021. With the recent virtual Climate Summit a remarkable sense of urgency continues to build from world leaders, businesses, industry associations, financial institutions,… Continue Reading
The Science of Climate Change Explained - In this comprehensive New York Times article on "The Science of Climate Change Explained: Facts, Evidence and Proof" the authors write "The science of climate change is more solid and widely agreed upon than you might think. But the scope of the topic, as well as rampant disinformation, can make it… Continue Reading
The Next Generation of Climate Innovation - In this important paper "The Next Generation of Climate Innovation" from Boston Consulting Group the authors begin with "Global momentum is building to achieve net zero in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—and to do so more quickly than previously envisioned. Getting there will require unprecedented levels of innovation. While a fast-rising… Continue Reading
Book Discussion on How to Avoid a Climate Disaster - The PLM Green Global Alliance invites members and followers to join us for a moderated panel discussion on the new book "How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need" by Bill Gates. Mr. Gates, who admits he is an imperfect messenger, writes "It's… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest March 2021 - This latest Climate Change News Digest offers busy PLM Green Global Alliance followers in one source a compendium of news, research, and announcements about climate change from around the world. While some climate news may be equally distressing and motivating, there is increasingly more good news from recent months. A… Continue Reading
Circular Economy Crucial to Achieving Paris Climate Goals - From a World Circular Economy Forum + Climate press release: "The circular economy is crucial to achieving the Paris climate goals - If we are to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement, the world needs to transition to a circular economy. A circular economy will reduce greenhouse gas… Continue Reading
Technologies and Policies to Decarbonize Global Industry - The comprehensive paper "Technologies and policies to decarbonize global industry: Review and assessment of mitigation drivers through 2070" is a recommended read and resource for members of the PLM Green Global Alliance. One of the most surprising findings from the paper was how a few industries like iron, steel and… Continue Reading
Climate Action Benchmark Report - "Climate Action 100+, the world’s largest investor engagement initiative on climate change, has released its first-ever benchmark evaluating the corporate ambition and action of the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitters and other companies with significant opportunity to drive the net zero transition. The Climate Action 100+ Net-Zero Company Benchmark offers… Continue Reading
Global CO2 Emissions from Aviation - This Our World In Data article on Climate Change and Flying reports that global aviation, before the pandemic, was responsible for only 2.5% of CO2 emissions. At first appearance that seems like a small number that may not justify all the investments in new technologies, or in reduction of travel,… Continue Reading
Digital Twin of the Earth - From the World Economic Forum post on "Scientists are developing a digital twin of the Earth to fight climate change" the author Simone Ulmer writes "To become climate neutral by 2050, the European Union launched two ambitious programmes: "Green Deal" and "Digital Strategy". As a key component of their successful… Continue Reading
Our World in Climate Data - The Our World in Data website provides research and data to make progress against the world’s largest problems including climate change. An example are graphs of global CO2 emissions by region, country, source, GHG type, industry, and fuel source. Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest February 2021 - This month's Climate Change News Digest shared with followers of the PLM Green Global Alliance offers busy professionals a compendium of news, research, and announcements about climate change from around the world. Our featured image is the Keeling Curve that shows the steady rise in the level of CO2 in… Continue Reading
MethaneSAT to Monitor Methane Emissions - "MethaneSAT will locate and measure methane emissions from oil and gas operations almost anywhere on Earth, producing quantitative data that will enable both companies and countries to identify, manage, and reduce their methane emissions, slowing the rate at which our planet is warming." Methane is a far more dangerous as… Continue Reading
Low Carbon Circular Economy - This Think2030 paper on "A Low Carbon and Circular Economy" looks at the opportunities for the circular economy to reduce the EU’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with three of its most carbon-intensive sectors: the built environment, mobility, and food, and makes recommendations for policies within the 2030 time horizon… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest January 2021 - This month's Climate Change News Digest shared with followers of the PLM Green Global Alliance has much news (both good and not so good), research, and announcements from around the world. The featured image this month is a graph of the average global temperature produced by the U.S. NOAA at… Continue Reading
McKinsey on Climate Change - McKinsey on Climate Change - From McKinsey & Company "This special downloadable collection brings together recent McKinsey research and perspectives on the climate risks the world must confront and actions to reduce emissions." Read more HERE. Continue Reading
How the Circular Economy Tackles Climate Change - Completing the Picture: How the Circular Economy Tackles Climate Change - From the Ellen MacArthur Foundation "Completing the Picture highlights the indispensable role that the circular economy plays in tackling the climate crisis. It aims to demonstrate how circular economy principles and strategies significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions." Read this… Continue Reading
Are virtual twins key to achieving world’s sustainability goals? - "Disruptive innovations are needed to deliver the UN Sustainability Goals by 2030. Virtual twin technology could enable the radical action needed by stakeholders. Pioneering study highlights potential for this technology to help address climate crisis." Learn more in this World Economic Forum article from the Davos Agenda. Continue Reading
PLM and Global Warming - In this blog post about PLM and Global Warming, Jos Voskuil writes "Climate change has always been there if we look at the history of our planet. We started to talk about Global Warming when scientist indicated that this time the climate change is caused by human intervention. As a… Continue Reading
Climate Change News Digest December 2020 - This month's Climate Change News Digest has much good news, research, and announcements to share from around the world. In a meeting of world leaders on the fifth anniversary of the Paris Climate accord, and one month after the US officially left it, President-elect Joe Biden restated his pledge for… Continue Reading