A new generation of orbiting satellites is producing remote sensing data to help visualize and identify sources of Greenhouse Emissions emissions, like those from methane. This example image from a recent BBC article is produced by GHGSat’s Pulse interactive mapping solution
This timely article in NAFEMS Benchmark, authored by MSC Software Vice President Keith Hanna, explores the role of CAE simulation in the conceptualization, design, prototyping, operational use, and recycling of greener products that contribute to a more sustainable economy and planet.
Specific examples of the use of simulation referenced in the article include:
- Designing new renewable energy projects (wind, wave, tidal, solar…)
- Delivering smart, energy efficient buildings and built environment landscapes
- Enabling optimal 3d printing for lightweighting of transportation vehicles
- Designing and manufacturing of next generation eMobility solutions
- Acoustic pollution abatement in urban and transport environments
- Minimizing product waste at conceptual ideation and in manufacturing processes
- Understanding materials inside products & their full sustainability impact including ‘reduce, re-use & recycle’ impacts, and
- Ensuring legislative environmental compliance at the conceptual design stage.
Read and learn more about these examples at https://www.nafems.org/blog/posts/designing-for-sustainability-with-cae-simulation/.
Climeworks https://climeworks.com/ and Accenture http://www.accenture.com/ are collaborating to use new digital technologies to develop a carbon direct air capture and storage plant in Iceland. The carbon removed from the atmosphere will be sequestered underground where in two years it will turn to stone.
This can certainly help as one component of a larger decarbonization strategy, but how big can carbon capture and storage facilities scale when we are putting 50 billion tons of CO2 into the atmosphere each year? As example, it would take 10 million of this size plant that captures 4,000 tons of CO2 per year, to do the job. Read more HERE to understand the role of this technology in decarbonizing the economy to meet the 2050 net-zero GHG emissions.
As more products, industries and economies become electrified to meet greenhouse gas emission goals, the performance of batteries and sustainability of their production is becoming increasing important. Engineering.com has published a new white paper on battery modeling using multiphysics simulation software from CAE solution provider COMSOL.
The authors write that “Modeling and simulation are crucial for understanding the factors that determine a good battery cell design for a specific application, from the electrodes, electrolyte, separator, and current collectors in a battery cell to processes at the molecular, microscopic, battery module, and battery stack scales. Learn about the chemistries, physics, and design variables that need to be considered in battery design.”
Learn more about the CAE analysis of battery performance by downloading the white paper HERE.
Aviation is reported to be responsible for up to 2% of all human-generated CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Reducing emissions from regional aircraft is especially important because they spend more of their flight time during short legs in less-efficient ascending power. As part of the EU’s Horizon 2020 program, the engineering consulting firm ADSE has published “Aircraft Requirements for Sustainable Regional Aviation’ in collaboration with Embraer and the University of Stuttgart.
In this recent news post from ADSE the authors wrote: “The full report presents the top-level requirements for a hybrid-electric regional aircraft for up to 50 passengers. It addresses environment, market, operations, performance and regulations. In addition, different reference missions are defined to check whether these requirements are fulfilled. It paves the runway towards more sustainable aviation within two decades.”
Read more and download the report directly from ADSE HERE.
The technical paper “Product Lifecycle Management in Support of Green Manufacturing: Addressing the Challenges of Global Climate Change” is one of the earliest publications on the intersection of PLM and climate change. It was first published in the International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management.
The authors Ligia-Varinia Barreto, Hannah Anderson, Alyssa Anglin and Cynthia Tomovic from Purdue University write in the abstract that “The focus of this paper is to investigate why companies practice green manufacturing and how PLM supports environmentally friendly initiatives. The investigated companies are taken from the Global Round Table on Climate Change. In particular, this paper examines how PLM drives green manufacturing to improve environmental performance while meeting financial and long-term sustainability. Mechanisms to increase energy efficiency, de-carbonization, reduction of harmful emissions, and better land management practices such as reducing landfill waste will be studied. This paper also includes a review of interviews and examples from previous studies.”
The researchers examined the use of green manufacturing principles within six companies (Bayer, Dow Chemical, DuPont, FLP, General Electric, and Toyota) to reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances throughout a product’s lifecycle. The elements investigated included: recycling and disposal, energy consumption, water and air management, products and processes, and regulations and policies.
They concluded that “Environmental changes and the implementation of green manufacturing require a company to change its entire processes; from product planning and procurement policies to production and logistics . The PLM model, as described by  includes five major categories (plan, design, build, support and dispose) centered by an information core as shown in figure 1. PLM is about product data, information and knowledge combined with people, processes, and technology. PLM can benefit a company practicing green manufacturing.”
Download and read the complete paper HERE.
In this post the author and PLM Green Global Alliance contributor Ilan Madjar from XLM Solutions writes: “Today, the topic of climate change and environmental awareness is at the forefront of society’s thoughts and actions as well as affecting governmental policies. Every day there is growing awareness of the problems caused by pollution and greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions. The US Government has recently placed new bills before congress geared at funding climate change initiatives and sustainable innovation companies. Such companies can be both new businesses / startups as well as those looking to re-engineer their existing processes to be more environmentally friendly and less polluting (not an easy task by itself). These companies are looking for tools to maintain sustainable innovation. Some of you may have seen the recent videos by Dassault Systèmes explaining their vision and plans to contribute to this environmental-minded transformation.”
“Dassault is providing solutions to track negative environmental footprints, although this is still in the development phases in some respects. This short article will focus on six easy tools/solutions geared to engineering and manufacturing which can be implemented today in 3DEXPERIENCE to improve environmental awareness.”
Learn more about this example of sustainability monitoring tools from a leading PLM solution provider HERE.
The whitepaper “Digital Sustainability: The Path to Net Zero for Design & Manufacturing and Architectural Engineering & Construction Industries” explores the growing importance of sustainability goals for companies in AEC and MFG markets across Europe. Frost & Sullivan in partnership with Autodesk published this whitepaper with results of a quantitative survey of 600 organizations and summaries of in-depth qualitative interviews.
The survey results document that the importance of sustainability goals has increased at the C-level and that they are becoming more relevant company strategies Several reasons for this development are discussed as well as the regional nuances in different geo markets. The survey emphasizes the shift of focus from Scope 1 and 2 emission reporting to the reduction on Scope 3 emission that includes the supply chain challenge. The lack of trustworthy data, IT systems to collect and manage them, and the tracing transparency like Product Passports or track-and-trace solutions are only few of the analyzed issues.
Read more by downloading the paper from Autodesk HERE.
Hexagon MSC Software addresses the use of CAE software in the Design for Sustainability – “Manufacturing processes today span everything from aerospace to automotive, chemical processing to oil & gas, and electronics to shipbuilding. Yet, all these contribute to CO2 emissions and environmental pollution as well as intensive use of our world’s precious materials, water and energy natural resources.”
“CAE today is proven to reduce waste at the conceptual design stage; reducing physical prototyping, minimizing acoustic pollution, delivering right-first-time customized and lightweight solutions, ensuring energy efficient buildings, optimizing materials usage and fueling the renewables revolution. CAE delivers manufacturing cost savings, productivity improvements, and ultimately quality products designed with the intent to meet all environmental challenges today from your conceptual idea to your product’s full lifecycle in the circular economy. At Hexagon | MSC Software we help companies accelerate green technologies and deliver renewable solutions to drive the shift toward a sustainable future.” Learn more at https://www.mscsoftware.com/sustainability.
“Propelling their mission towards delivering airlines zero-carbon, hydrogen-fueled flight, ZeroAvia is launching the development program for a 2MW hydrogen-electric powertrain for full-size regional aircraft. The program kick-off is supported by a new raise of $24.3 million, led by Horizons Ventures, joined by a new investor British Airways. Existing investors Breakthrough Energy Ventures, Ecosystem Integrity Fund, Summa Equity, Shell Ventures, and SYSTEMIQ also participated in the financing.”
“This new round accelerates the larger hydrogen-electric engine development for the 50+ seat aircraft and supports additional commercial airlines initiatives to adopt hydrogen in aviation. Today’s announcement brings the company’s total private investment to over $53 million and the total funding raised since inception to nearly $74 million.”
Learn more about the use of hydrogen to power aircraft and reduce CO2 emissions at https://www.zeroavia.com/press-release-series-a4-funding.
PLM Green Moderator Bjorn Fidjeland shares good news about a consortium to develop a green energy hydrogen infrastructure in this European news release about: “The seven companies in the GET H2 initiative are working to facilitate green hydrogen in refineries, steel production and other industrial uses, which could reduce 16m tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2030.
The project would convert existing gas pipelines to transport hydrogen, connecting the German sites of Lingen in Emsland, Gelsenkirchen and Salzgitter near the Dutch border in stages between 2024 and 2030.
Partners alongside Evonik include BP, German gas suppliers OGE, Nowega, and Thyssengas, multinational electricity firm RWE, German steel subsidiary Salzgitter Flachstahl.”
Read more about this substantial green energy project at https://www.icis.com/explore/resources/news/2021/03/09/10615286/germany-s-evonik-in-consortium-to-create-pan-european-green-hydrogen-infrastructure .
A report from Dassault Systemes and Accenture on the role of virtual twins in accelerating sustainability advocates the transformation of industry that will be needed to achieve sustainability goals by 2030 by developing new ways of managing products and services over their entire lifecycle using virtual digital twins.
The paper examines the “opportunities and the use cases where virtual twins can, or already are, modeling entire value chains as virtual experiences, demonstrating how the technology can unlock combined additional benefits of USD $1.3 Trillion of economic value and 7.5 Gt CO2e emissions reductions between now and 2030.” Read more at https://www.3ds.com/sustainability/sustainability-insights/designing-disruption.
According to Our World in Data, before the pandemic global aviation was responsible for about 2.5% of all CO2 emissions, or nearly 1 billion tonnes per year. This green news from Simply Flying, the world’s largest aviation news website, profiles “A new concept widebody aircraft has been unveiled by an Alabama startup. SE Aeronautics (the SE standing for Super Efficient) have reworked the entire concept of an airliner, and revealed an innovative tri-wing aircraft that they say will have an 80% lower carbon footprint than similar traditional planes.” Read more about this three-wing two-engine monocogue composite design at https://simpleflying.com/next-generation-widebody-low-emissions/amp/. (Photo image credit from SE Aeronautics.)
From the World Economic Forum post on “Scientists are developing a digital twin of the Earth to fight climate change” the author Simone Ulmer writes “To become climate neutral by 2050, the European Union launched two ambitious programmes: “Green Deal” and “Digital Strategy”. As a key component of their successful implementation, climate scientists and computer scientists launched the “Destination Earth” initiative, which will start in mid-2021 and is expected to run for up to ten years. During this period, a highly accurate digital model of the Earth is to be created, a digital twin of the Earth, to map climate development and extreme events as accurately as possible in space and time.” Read the complete article HERE.
“MethaneSAT will locate and measure methane emissions from oil and gas operations almost anywhere on Earth, producing quantitative data that will enable both companies and countries to identify, manage, and reduce their methane emissions, slowing the rate at which our planet is warming.” Methane is a far more dangerous as a greenhouse gas than carbon. Read more about this non-profit collaboration at https://www.methanesat.org/about/.
This Digital Engineering article describes the Cummins PLANET 2050 sustainability initiative to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 while reducing consumption of natural resources.
In this blog post on “How Can PLM Make Sustainable Fashion Attainable” from WhichPLM the authors write “Long-term sustainability can create a stable environment for the employees and the business itself while preserving the planet and causing the least damage possible…This is where PLM comes into play.” Read more HERE.